Guaiacum Plant, Cypress Pine
Piney, Woody, Rosey
This is the 22nd installment in our weekly series, “Let’s Talk Terpenes,” published every Monday. For more information, read the introduction to this series, “Let’s Talk Terpenes: A Guide For Medical Marijuana Patients.”
Today, we’re spotlighting guaiol, a unique secondary terpene found in the cannabis plant as well as the tropical guaiacum plant and the coniferous cypress pine. Also referred to as “champacol,” guaiol is unlike many other terpenes in that it is aqueous, not oil-based. It is classified as sesquiterpenoid alcohol and these substances are known to have both antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
This terpene boasts a piney, woody and sometimes rosy aroma and can be found in higher concentrations in strains such as AC/DC, Fruit Loops, Cinex, and Agent Orange. Understanding individual terpene characteristics can play a key factor in selecting the ideal strain. Whether inhaled or used aromatically or topically, guaiol can be a key component in the broad spectrum of terpenes and cannabinoids that maximize the therapeutic effects cannabis may provide.
Guaiol offers an array of health benefits and evidence of the use of the terpene in natural medicine dates back centuries. The compound was brought to Europe in the 16th century by the Spanish after the conquest of San Domingo and became a popular cure for syphilis in the 17th century.  It is also known to have been used for the treatment of arthritis, gout, sore throat and constipation, as well as the stimulation/regulation of menstruation.  
As with most research regarding cannabis terpenes, modern analysis of its therapeutic and medicinal benefits is limited, yet encouraging. For example, one of the most promising is guaiol’s ability to decrease systemic inflammation, possibly making it an effective part of the treatment regimen of a long list of diseases and conditions, including cancer and fibromyalgia. . Another study in 2007 found that the compound proved to be effective against a variety of fungal strains and bacteria.
As the stigma against medical cannabis continues to fade, hopefully, research and analysis of the plant and the beneficial compounds that comprise it, including terpenes like guaiol, continues to intensify. It’s important to educate yourself and talk with your doctors, pharmacists, and others at dispensaries regarding the terpene profiles in available cannabis strains. Feel free to email us to assist with any questions you may have.